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04.05.2009
pNoetic.ru:#32;/p hr / div== Ноэтичность (Ноэзис, Ноэмы) ==br / Ноэтичность (Греческиое ?????? переводится как quot;[[insight|способность проникать в суть, инсайт]]quot;) это Греческое слово, означающее понимание как quot;способность воспринять, различить или постигнуть что-либо, мгновенное знаниеquot;. Современные словари переводят quot;Ноэтичностьquot; как quot;способность проникать в сутьquot; или quot;умственная деятельностьquot;.br / br / ==Этимология==br / В древнегреческой философии, [[современная философия|современной философии]] Европы и в [[нус|философии ума]] этот греческий термин означает [[мышление]], [[разум]] или [[insight|способность проникать в суть, инсайт]]. В более общем смысле ноэтичность - это деятельность ума в противоположность восприятию (Греческое понимание [[синестезия|синестезии]]).br / br / ===Ноэтичность и Рассудительность (Dianoia)===br / В узком смысле ноэтичность отождествляется с [[ноэтика|ноэтикой]], [[нус|нусом]] через мгновенное или интуитивное знание, в противоположность рассудительности (dianoia) - рациональному или дискурсивному знанию. Раз уж ноэтичность означает активность или деятельность ума ([[нус|нуса]]), то и рассудительность (dianoia) тоже является проявлением одной из форм ноэтичности: дианоэтик (dianoetic) - дискурсивное (межсубъектное) познание в противоположность интуитивному (субъективному). Идеи ноэтичности конституируют Перводвигатель [[Аристотель|Аристотеля]] в его работе [[Метафизика]], и это так же чистое [[гнозис|интуитивное знание]] [[Неоплатонизм|Неоплатонизма]]. У Платона в работе [[Analogy of the divided line]] ноэтичность находится за пределами рассудительнсоти, и если рассудительность больше относится к математическим категориям, то ноэтичность - это высшее состояние разума, которое является причиной превращения всех Форм, причиной [[Первичные Принципы|Первичных Принципов]] и [[аксиома|аксиом]] и логически выходит из них же. Это прекрасно обосновано в [[диалектика|диалектике]] или [[Греческая Философия|Греческой Философии]], а так же в [[Русская Философия|Русской Философии]] (см. работы [[Лосский|Н.О. Лосского]]). Сознание человека разумного ограничено дискурсивным мышлением, что подтверждается его инстинктивной природой. Ноэтичность, как интуитивное понимание, переступает дискурсивные ограничения и является уже качествами [[ноэтическй человек|человека ноэтического]] (Homo Noeticus).br / br / ===Ноэтичность и Ноэма===br / Если Ноэтичность является процессом мышления и типами мышления сознания, то Ноэмы сфокусированы на описании [[нус|нуса]] и сознания. Обычно термин Ноэма используют в ситуации восприятия объектов. Фокусирование на Ноэмах приводит к пониманию того, что наблюдаемые объекты, расположенные во вне человеческого сознания, и объекты внутри человеческого сознания - суть одни и те же Ноэмы.br / lt;refgt;Энциклопедия Философии-Феноменологии Стэндфорда[http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/phenomenology/]lt;/refgt;br / br / ==Continental Philosophy==br / In [[Phenomenology (philosophy)|phenomenology]], it is an act of [[consciousness]]. quot;Thinkingquot;, quot;lovingquot;, quot;hatingquot;, quot;imaginingquot; are all [[verb]]s applying to what [[mind]]s do. One would never call quot;lovingquot; a [[belief]], because it is something you ''do'', not something you merely hold to be true. In modern times, the contrast between noesis and noema became fundamental to [[Edmund Husserl|Husserl's]] [[Phenomenology (philosophy)|phenomenological]] account of intentional experience. “Life is defined in the case of animals by the power of perception, in that of man by the power of perception or noesis (thought).” [[Aristotle]], [[Nicomachean Ethics]] BOOK IX- chapter 9.lt;refgt;If we look deeper into the nature of things, a virtuous friend seemsbr / to be naturally desirable for a virtuous man. For that which is good by nature, we have said, is for the virtuous man good and pleasant in itself. Now life is defined in the case of animals by the power of perception in that of man by the power of perception or thought;br / and a power is defined by reference to the corresponding activity, which is the essential thing; therefore life seems to be essentially the act of perceiving or thinking.lt;/refgt; Noema here is the object in and of itself what is being thought about. Noesis in contrast is the nous' activity or rather the act of thinking. In this case the nous' perception, interpretation and absorption of the object into itself. br / lt;refgt;The Blackwell Dictionary of Western Philosophy Edited by: [[Nicholas Bunnin]] and [[Jiyuan Yu]] eISBN: 9781405106795 [http://www.blackwellreference.com/public/tocnode?id=g9781405106795_chunk_g978140510679515_ss1-92]lt;/refgt; Since once an object is perceived it becomes part of the human consciousness. The event of the object becoming part of human consciousness is called [[memory]]. It is this process that Husserl set out to define in his br / philosophy which he named [[Phenomenology (philosophy)|phenomenology]]. Which was the study of perception as the study of objective encounter in a detached, theoretical attitude of consciousness. Later Husserl's student [[Martin Heidegger]] broke from the tenets of [[German Idealism]], [[Phenomenology (philosophy)|phenomenology]] in order to validate realism or objective reality, [[dialect]]ially. Heidegger's break in [[Continental Philosophy]] from the [[Phenomenology (philosophy)|phenomenological]] to Heidegger's ontological [[Philosophical anthropology]] (consciousness as first-person experience) called quot;being in the worldquot; or quot;[[Being and Time]]quot;. This change showing a shift in the understanding of human consciousness from an internal and external [[phenomenon]] detached form of observing the noesis or processes of consciousness to the validation of being as a shared and therefore limited phenomenological ontology. These being two distinct [[Bracketing (phenomenology)|Epoch?]].lt;refgt;Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy-[[Edmund Husserl]] [http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/husserl/#PheEpo]lt;/refgt;lt;refgt;Husserl and Heidegger on being in the world By S?ren Overgaard Published by Springer, 2004br / ISBN 1402020430, 9781402020438 pg 82-85 [http://books.google.com/books?id=YoXPtEBl9b0Camp;pg=PA80amp;lpg=PA80amp;dq=Heidegger+Husserl+epocheamp;source=blamp;ots=b0bo-Ve5zhamp;sig=sueEA7RnU1EdfGZrF2fFA5Rfxd0amp;hl=enamp;ei=EDLJSYmLK8WEtwfE5fCUAwamp;sa=Xamp;oi=book_resultamp;resnum=6amp;ct=result#PPA82,M1]lt;/refgt; Here the substance or essence of things is unlimitely indeterminate outside of noesis or the processes of human consciousness (i.e. value is given only as an noetic human conscious construct). Where as Aristotle and Hellenistic philosophy holds that the whole of an object has ousia or essentials that are the basis for determency.br / br / ==Christianity==br / === Eastern Othodoxy Christianity ===br / {{Seealso|Vladimir Sergeyevich Solovyov|N.O. Lossky}}br / Faith (pistis) is sometimes used interchangeable with Noesis in [[Eastern Christianity]]. The noesis is the activities of the [[nous]] or spirit. Faith being characteristic of the [[noesis]] or [[noetic]] experience of the nous or spirit. Faith here being defined as intuitive truth, meaning as a gift from God, faith is one of God's uncreated energies (Grace too is another of God's uncreated energies).lt;refgt;Glossary of terms from the [[Philokalia]] pg 430 Palmer, G.E.H; Sherrard; Ware, Kallistos (Timothy). The Philokalia, Vol. 4 ISBN 0-571-19382-X ''Faith''- not only an individual or theoretical belief in the dogmatic truths of Christianity, but an all-embracing relationship, an attitude of love and trust in God. As such it involves a transformation of man's entire life. Faith is a gift from God, the means whereby we are taken up into the whole theanthropic activity of God in Christ and of man in Christ through which man attains salvation.lt;/refgt; Noesis is the internal [[faculty]], as faith, in which one faces the unknownable or randomness of the future. The God in Trinity is uncreated or incomprehensible in nature, being, substance or essence. lt;refgt;The Mystical Theology of the Eastern Church, by [[Vladimir Lossky]] SVS Press, 1997. (ISBN 0-913836-31-1) James Clarke amp; Co Ltd, 1991. (ISBN 0-227-67919-9) pg 21 pg 71lt;/refgt; Therefore in Eastern Christianity, unlike in Western Christianity (see [[Actus et potentia]]), God's essence or incomprehensibility is distinguished from his uncreated energies. This is clarified in the [[Essence-Energies distinction]] of [[Gregory Palamas]].lt;refgt;The Mystical Theology of the Eastern Church, by [[Vladimir Lossky]] SVS Press, 1997. (ISBN 0-913836-31-1) James Clarke amp; Co Ltd, 1991. (ISBN 0-227-67919-9) pg 71lt;/refgt; Faith here beyond simply a belief in something. Faith here as an activity or operation of God working in and through mankind. Faith being a critical aspect to the relationship between man and the God, this relationship or process is called [[Theosis]]. Faith as an operation in contemplating of an object for understanding. lt;refgt;The Mystical Theology of the Eastern Church, by Vladimir Lossky pg 33 SVS Press, 1997. (ISBN 0-913836-31-1) James Clarke amp; Co Ltd, 1991. (ISBN 0-227-67919-9) pg 71lt;/refgt; Mankind's analysis of an objects properties: enables us to form concepts. lt;refgt;The Mystical Theology of the Eastern Church, by Vladimir Lossky pg 33 SVS Press, 1997. (ISBN 0-913836-31-1) James Clarke amp; Co Ltd, 1991. (ISBN 0-227-67919-9) pg 71lt;/refgt; But this analysis can in no case exhaust the content of the object of perception. There will always remain an quot;irrational residuequot; which escapes analysis and which can not be expressed in concepts: it is this unknowable depth of things, that which constitutes their true, indefinable essence that also reflects the origin of things in God. lt;refgt;The Mystical Theology of the Eastern Church, by Vladimir Lossky pg 33 SVS Press, 1997. (ISBN 0-913836-31-1) James Clarke amp; Co Ltd, 1991. (ISBN 0-227-67919-9) pg 71lt;/refgt;As God in Trinity, as the anomalies of God's essence or being. In Eastern Christianity it is by faith or intuitive truth that this component of an objects existence is grasp.lt;refgt;The Mystical Theology of the Eastern Church, by [[Vladimir Lossky]] pg 33 SVS Press, 1997. (ISBN 0-913836-31-1) James Clarke amp; Co Ltd, 1991. (ISBN 0-227-67919-9) pg 71lt;/refgt; Though God through his energies draws us to him, his essence remains inaccessible.lt;refgt;The Mystical Theology of the Eastern Church, by [[Vladimir Lossky]] pg 33 SVS Press, 1997. (ISBN 0-913836-31-1) James Clarke amp; Co Ltd, 1991. (ISBN 0-227-67919-9) pg 71lt;/refgt; The operation of faith being the means of [[free will]] by which mankind faces the future or unknown, these noetic operations contained in the concept of [[insight]] or noesis.br / br / ----br / '''Noesis''' is also:br / * The name of the [[Thessaloniki Science Center amp; Technology Museum - NOESIS|Thessaloniki Science Center amp; Technology Museum]], lt;refgt;[http://www.noesis.edu.gr ?????? - ?????? ???????? ????????? ??? ??????? ???????????lt;!-- Bot generated title --gt;]lt;/refgt;Greece.br / * The name of a [[Philadelphia]]-area [[rapper]] and the [[front man]] for the band, '''[[Philadelphia Slick]]'''lt;refgt;[http://www.philadelphiaslick.com Philadelphia Slick » Homelt;!-- Bot generated title --gt;]lt;/refgt;.br / * The journal of the [[Mega Society]], a [[high IQ society]].br / * The name of a piece by Swiss contemporary composer [[Hanspeter Kyburz]].br / * The name of Portuguese Company: '''Noesis Portugal - Consultadoria em Sistemas de Informa??o, SA''' [http://www.noesis.pt http://www.noesis.pt].br / * The name of '''First IT Finishing School of Central India''' [http://www.flair-solution.com/Noesis.aspx http://www.flair-solution.com/Noesis.aspx].br / * The name of a song by the Japanese pop artist [[Gackt|Gackt Camui]].br / br / ==See also==br / *[[Franz Brentano]]br / *[[Bernard Bolzano]]br / *[[Maurice Merleau-Ponty]]br / *[[Vladimir Solovyev]]br / *[[tacit knowledge]]br / *[[Intuitionistic logic]]br / br / ==References==br / {{reflist}}br / br / ==Further reading==br / *On the Inner Nature of Things and on the Purification of the Intellect: One Hundred Texts by [[Nikitas Stithatos]] (Nikitas Stethatos) The Philokalia volume four Palmer, G.E.H; Sherrard, Philip; Ware, Kallistos (Timothy). ISBN 0-571-19382-X br / lt;brgt;br / lt;brgt;br / {{Psych-stub}}br / {{philo-stub}}br / br / [[fi:Noesis]]/div
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